1. What is the difference between a flag and National-flag?
Ans. A flag is a piece of cloth attached to a flagpole,
representing a clan, community, army, office of
authority, industrial house or an individual. In
modern times a flag is commonly rectangular
varying is size, colour and the design on it.
On the contrary, a National-flag is more than a
piece of cloth. It is the most solemn and
constitutionally or traditionally authorized symbol
of a country. It represents the whole country, the
entire nation, its ideals, hopes, aspirations and the
pride. People throughout the history of mankind
have laid down life for their National-flag, as it is
the strongest patriotic symbol.
2. What is the nickname of our National-flag?
Ans. We fondly call our flag Tiranga, meaning having
three colours. The nickname, however, is a
misnomer because the flag in fact has four colours
not three as is commonly understood. The forth
colour blue of the Chakra is often not mentioned
being a secondary colour in the flag.
3. When was the National-flag for Independent
Ans. After the British government declared to free India
on the 15th of August 1947, Indian leaders realized
the need to have a National-flag for Independent
India. Accordingly, an ad-hoc Flag Committee was
formed to finalize the Flag. On its recommendation
the Constituent Assembly on 22nd July 1947 adopted
the Tiranga as the National-flag for free-India.
4. Name the person, whose design of the
National-flag for free-India was finally
accepted by the Constituent Assembly in 1947.
Ans. The design of the National-flag for Independent
India submitted by Mrs. Suriaya Badr-ud-Din
Tyabi was finally approved and accepted by the
Flag Committee on 17th July 1947. She was an
artist of repute and her husband B.H.F.Tyabji
(ICS) was then a Deputy Secretary in the
Secretariat of the Constituent Assembly.
5. After India became an independent State,
where did the first outdoor official flag hoisting
take place in the world on the 15th of August,
Ans. The first outdoor official flag hoisting of Tiranga
on the 15th of August 1947, took place inCanberra, Australia at the residence of Sir
Raghunath Paranype, the High Commission of
India in Australia at 1200 hrs local time and at
0730hrs IST which means three hours in advance
of the first flag hoisting in India that took place at
10:30AM on the day at the present day Parliament
6. The National Anthem of India “Jana-Gana-
Mana” was adopted on the 24th of January,
1950 then which anthem was played / sung at
the UN Headquarters in Washington on the
15th of August, 1947, when the Tiranga was
first hoisted there amidst the flags of other free
nations of the world?
Ans. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s version of
“Jana-Gana-Mana” was played at the UN HQ’s
as the National Anthem of India. Netaji had
recorded the song as his army’s anthem while
he was in Germany. The UN HQ’s had a disc of
the song available with them and the same was
played by the UN orchestra while hoisting the
Tiranga. Interestingly, Jana-Gana-Mana by then
had not being adopted as the National Anthem
7. On the midnight of the 14-15 August, 1947
after the official declaration of India’s
Independence in the Central Hall of the
Council House (now known as Parliament
House) a lady leading a group of 72 womenhad presented the first Tiranga to Dr. Rajendra
Prasad, the Chariman of the Constitutent
Assembly. Name the lady.
Ans. She was Mrs.
Hansa Mehta from
Gujarat, an educationist,
and a freedom
fighter who was
i m - p r i s o n e d
several times by
the British India
was known in her
circle as a dictator.
Mrs. Mehta died at
the age of 98 in
Bombay in 1995.
8. Who said in the
Council House on
the midnight of the 14th-15th of August, 1947,
“It is in the fitness of things that the first flag
of free-India that is to fly over this August
House should be a gift from the women of
Ans. It was Mrs.Hansa Mehta who made this emotional
statement, while presenting the first Tiranga to
Dr.Rajendra Prasad, the then chairman of the
9. Where did the first flag hoisting take place in
India after the first Indian government took the
oath of office on the 15th of August 1947?
Ans: At the Council House (now known as Parliament
House) at 10:30am. The Union Jack there was
lowered for the last time personally by Lord Louis
Mountbatten, the first Governor General of India,
giving way to the Tiranga, which was raised for
the first time on the flagmast by Pandit Jawaharlal
10. When was Tiranga unfurled for the first time
on the ramparts of the Red Fort after
Ans. On the 16th of August 1947, which was a Saturday,
at 8.30 A.M. On the 15th of August as both, theJawahar Lal Nehru, the first Prime-Minister of
India were pre-occupied with many other
inevitable official formalities, the flag hoisting at
Red Fort was planned and executed on the next
day i.e.,16th August 1947.
11. Where was Tiranga first publically hoisted in
New Delhi on the 15th of August, 1947?
Ans. The first public flag hoisting took place at the
Princess Park near India Gate, New Delhi in the
afternoon of 15th of August 1947. Pandit Jawahar
Lal Nehru did the honour of hoisting the Tiranga.
Mysteriously, as the Tiranga was unfurled a
rainbow appeared on the skyline. The rareoccurrence amazed many including, Lord Louis
Mountbatten whose carriage could not reach up
to the dias due to the exuberant and unmanageable
crowd that came to witness the ceremony.
12. How many colours are there in our National flag?
Ans. There are four colours in our Flag; the saffron, white
and the green as principal colours, and the navy
blue of the Ashok Chakra is the secondary colour.
13. What are the official names of the Saffron and
Green, the two principal colours used in our
Ans. The official name for saffron is “India-Saffron” and
for green it is “India-Green”. While describing
the colours of our flag to any international
organization, the two colours are to be described
and specified as explained because the two colours
have many shades. Hence, we specify the two
colours as India-Saffron and India-Green.
14. What is the significance of the Saffron colour
in our Flag?
Ans. The Saffron stands for courage, sacrifice, valour
and the spirit of renunciation. It points to both
wisdom and action. The colour also represents the
scorched condition of the earth caused by the
torrid heat of the Indian sun. It is the colour of
spiritual life lead by sadhus, saints, pirs, fakirs and
15. What is the significance of the White colour in
our Flag ?
Ans. The White in Tiranga stands for purity. It is
symbolic of the sun’s rays and thus denotes the
path of light. It is also for peace and tranquility.
The White of the Flag as well represents every
religion and every language in the country.
16. What is the significance of the Green colour in
Ans. The Green is for growth and also denotes our
relation with earth. Hence, it is the colour of
vegetation, agriculture and plant life on which all
other life depends. The Green also stands for hope
and largely we live on hope.
17. What is the significance of the Blue colour in
Ans. The Blue in our flag signifies the boundless sky
above and the fathomless sea below. The Blue also
implies inner energy. The Chakra with its 24
spokes suggests continual progress of the country.
18. What is the significance of the Ashok Chakra
as shown in our Flag?
Ans. The wheel has been used since ancient times in
India as a solar symbol. In July 1947, the Flag
Committee chose the Ashoka’s Dharma Chakra
for the reason that amongst all the chakras that
came to their mind the “Sarnath Chakra” was the most beautiful and artistic. On the flag, it signifies
India’s continual progress and growth.
19. How many spokes are there in the Ashok
Chakra on the centre band of the Flag?
Ans. There are 24 equally spaced spokes in the Chakra,
signifying the 24 hours of the day.
20. In which colour is the Ashok Chakra printed
or embroidered on the Flag?
Ans. The Ashok Chakra in the centre on the white band
of our flag is in navy blue.
21. Which colours are mixed to form the Saffron
in our Flag?
Ans. Red and yellow colours are mixed in a particular
ratio to form the Saffron shade of our flag.
Philosophically, the red denotes both valour and
action whereas the yellow stands for wisdom.
22. Who suggested, the Ashok Chakra in lieu of
the Charkha, to the Flag Committee, while
adopting the Tiranga in July, 1947?
Ans. The Ashok Chakra in place of the Charkha, which
was in use earlier during our struggle for freedom,
on the flag for Free-India was suggested to the
Flag-Committee by Mr. Badr-ud-Din H.F.Tyabji,
a Deputy Secretariat in the Constituent Assembly
and the grandson of the great Tyabiji who was
once the President of the Indian National
Congress. Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the chairman of
the Committee advised him to consult Gandhiji
on the proposal to replace the Charkha with
Know Your National Flag 23
Chakra. Gandhiji wanted to see for himself the
look of the change before consenting. Mr. Tyabji’s
wife prepared a sample by painting the Chakra
on the white band of a sample flag. Gandhiji was
happy with the proposed change and the Flag-
Committee adopted the Chakra on the flag in
place of Charkha.
23. If the length of our National-flag is 18 feet, what
will be its width?
Ans. It will be 12 feet.
24. What is the ratio of the length to the width of
Ans. The ratio of the width to the length of the Flag
shall ordinarily be two breadths to three breadths.
In other words, the ratio is 2 : 3.
25. Which type of fabric can be used for manufacturing
the Tiranga to be used by general public?
Ans. Flags meant to be used by general public can be
made of any fabric, preferably with hand-spun
cotton or silk Khadi. Earlier it was mandatory to
be of only Khadi.
26. What type of fabric is to be used for
manufacturing Tirangas meant for government
offices, its agencies and government officials?
Ans. The flags meant to be used on government buildings
are to be mandatorily made only of hand-spun cotton or silk Khadi. Even the stitching thread has
to be Khadi for such flags.
27. How many standard sizes of our National-flag
are there as per the Bureau of Indian Standards
(BIS) and the Flag Code of India?
Ans. As per the Flag Code of India and the Indian Bureau
of Standards there are nine standard sizes of our
National-flag. Earlier, they were only five which were
later increased to severn. Flags of larger dimension
can be made keeping the ration of 3:2.
THE NINE STANDARD SIZES OF THE FLAG
28. Name the official book / booklet that lays down
the Code for the use of our National-flag?
Ans. It is the ‘Flag Code of India’.
29. Can you fly your National-flag at your home
or at your work place on all the 365 days of the
Ans. Yes. In 2002, the Government of India had allowed
citizens to fly the National-flag on all days, but by
then it was not a Fundamental Right.
30. Between what time to what time is the
National-flag normally flown during day time?
Ans. The Flag is normally flown between sunrise and
31. On what occasions do we fly the National-flag
Ans. In the event of death of certain dignitaries
recognized by the centre/state governments, the
National-flag shall be half-mast at certain places
and for specified days.
32. Name a few VVIP’S who can fly the Nationalflag
on their car?
Ans. The President and Prime-Minister of India, Judges
of the Supreme Court, Indian Ambassadors
appointed in foreign lands, etc. can fly the
National-flag on their car.
33. Can you fly a miniature National-flag inside
Ans. Yes, Indian citizens can fly the National-flag inside
their car on the dash board or on the wind
34. Can you write a patriotic slogan or a message
on the face of our National-flag?
Ans. No, lettering of any kind is not to be put upon the Flag.
35. Can you print, stitch, embroider Tiranga as a
part of your dress or costume? If yes, is there
Ans. Yes, you can do so, but not below the waistline.
36. Can you embroider or print the image of Tiranga
on cushions, handkerchiefs, napkins or undergarments,
Ans. No, it is not allowed nor it is desirable.
37. How is an old, unclean, multilated or torn
National-flag disposed off ?
Ans. It is destroyed in whole in private preferably by
burning or by any other method consistent with the
dignity of the Flag such as burying it deep with respect
or by immersing it into the Ganga duly folded.
38. While using the Tiranga on a dead body, how is
the Flag placed on the body—horizontally or
Ans. It is placed horizontally on the chest of the deceased.
The saffron band is to touch the neck of the body. The
flag must not be placed over the body or coffin like a
Chadar to avoid touching the feet of the deceased.
39. How is the Flag placed on the dead body of a
person disposed off?
Ans. The flag placed on a dead body is destroyed in private,
away from public gaze preferably by burning or
burying it deep or immersing it into the Gange.
40. Can a Judge of a High Court fly the Nationalflag
on his/her car?
Ans. Yes, the High Court judges can now fly the Nationalflag
on their car. Earlier, they were not allowed to
41. Can the National-flag be flown during night?
if yes, what are the restrictions?
Ans. The Flag can be flown during night hours
provided, it is on a 100ft or above flagpole and is
42. On a day when it is raining heavily do you
have to lower the National-flag?
Ans. No, the Flag is to fly between sunrise and sunset
regardless of weather conditions.
43. When the Tiranga is to be flown with the
National-flag of another country which side will
the Tiranga be placed or flown — to the right or
to the left?
Ans. While flying Tiranga besides another country’s
National-flag, it will be placed / flown to the left as one looks at it.
44. In case of death of a VVIP on 25th January or 14th
August, or 1st October and a 7 day state mouring
is declared, will the Flag fly half-mast the next day
on 26th of January, 15th August, or 2nd October as
the case may be?
Ans. No, in a such a case, the Flag will fly full-mast on 26th
January, the Republic Day similarly on 15th August,
the Independence Day and on the Gandhi Jayanti Day.
45. In case of death of a VVIP on Republic Day 26th of
January or on Independence day 15th of August
or on 2nd of October and a state mourning is
declared by the Government, will the Flag fly halfmast
on the day?
Ans. No, it will fly full-mast, except on the building where
the dead body lies in State. And as the body is removed
from there for cremation, the flag will be raised fullmast
on the building.
46 . When state mourning is declared by the
Government on the death of a VVIP are the
members of public suppose to fly the Flag at halfmast?
Ans. No, the general public is not suppose to half-mast the
flag; however, they may do so at their discretion. It is
so because the Flag is to be half-masted only on Govt.
buildings on receiving instructions from the
Government. Since no instructions are issued to
public to half mast the flag, members of public are
not obliged to do so.
47. As per convention all jail buildings are suppose
to fly the National-flag. After an execution of a
prisoner in a particular jail, how will the Flag
fly—half-mast or full-mast on the day?
Ans. The flag will fly full-mast on the jail building after
execution of a prisoner . However, earlier it used to
fly half-mast. In the Navy, if there is a death on board
a ship while on the high sea her ensign is half-masted.
48. When a foreign dignitary travels in a car
provided by the Government of India or by a State
Govern-ment, on which side of the car will the
Indian National-flag be flown ?
Ans. On the right side of the car and on the left side, the
National-flag of the dignitry’s country will be flown.
49. When our National-flag is flown with the United
Nation’s Flag, on which side of it will the Tiranga fly?
Ans. When the Tiranga is flown besides the UN Flag, it
can be flown on either side of it.